Daily Vocabulary (10th June 2017)June 10, 2017
‘Hindu-Editorial’ & Daily Vocabulary 10th June 2017 :
Hello, Guys!! .In all the competitive exams, Vocabulary questions are mostly asked from newspapers only. Check Daily Vocabulary 10th June 2017 based upon the Hindu Newspaper Editorial . You can also Read the Editorial alongwith the Vocab words for various Exams.
(HINDU EDITORIAL) :The Cow and Savarkar
Where the bovine is not divine but the framework is still hardline Hindutva. In the mid-1930s, the editor of famous Marathi journal Bhaala posed a question to all Hindus and answered it himself. “Who is a real Hindu? One who regards the cow as his mother!” Vinayak Damodar Savarkar or `Veer’ Savarkar, as the fiery Indian revolutionary from Nashik had come to be then known after his attempted escape from British captivity in Marseilles and more than a decade in the Andamans’ Cellular Jail, responded to this assertion. He wrote: “If the cow’s a mother to anybody at all, it’s the bullock. Not the Hindus. Hindutva, if it has to sustain itself on a cow’s legs, will come crashing down at the slightest sign of a crisis.”
Savarkar is known today as the author of the 1923 work Hindutva, the seminal text for Hindu nationalists, but what he is little known for is his staunch opposition to cow worship. The cow was, for him, a highly useful animal. But its worship, he argued, made no sense because humans needed to worship something or someone who was superhuman or endowed with super-human qualities, not an “out-and-out” animal inferior to humankind.
He called for the abandonment of the “naïve practice” because it was “buddhi hatya “or “murder of the intellect”. He was not against the nurturing of cows and in fact assiduously promoted the principle of nurture as a “national duty”, so long as it was predicated (Affirm) on broader economic and scientific principles as it was, he stressed, in America that helped maximize bovine usefulness.
But his standout line on the subject was that “we need cow care, not worship”. He particularly abhorred (regard with disgust and hatred.) the then widely prevalent habit of consuming cow urine and, in some cases, even cow dung, and believed the practice may have actually started out in ancient India as a form of punishment so that a person could “expiate his sins”.
And to those orthodox Hindus who thought his views were blasphemous, Savarkar had only one sardonic (grimly mocking or cynical.) thing to say: your blasphemy’s far, far bigger, just see how you’ve crammed 33 crore deities into a cow’s belly.
Forget India’s Left, even its centrists had been loathto touch Savarkar with a barge pole for decades. Some of them have now discovered him all of a sudden and taken to quoting his aforementioned views. Sharad Pawar said at a recent function that Savarkar regarded the cow as a useful animal, nothing more.
That of course is correct, and his views are particularly instructive in the wake of what’s happening all around us. But the avowed “secularists” and self-confirmed “liberals” among us may perhaps want to read his writings on the subject a little more closely before they throw the book at the Hindutva-wadis, because Savarkar’s stand on the cow, however utilitarian his approach may appear to be, cannot be divorced from his theory of Hindutva.
Savarkar did not believe India had been subjugated only during the British Raj. Unlike Nehru who put forward the idea of a `composite culture’, he saw the many hundred years of Islamic rule as an era of shackles, submission, suppression and slavery. And one of his major issues with cow worship, apart from its deadening of the mind as he saw it, was that it had “ensured” many a Hindu defeat in the past. To use a bad pun which he didn’t, it had engendered cow-ardice. He alleged that Muslim armies had often used cows as a shield during key battles against the Hindus. When Hindu forces marched on Multan, he said, the Muslims had threatened to destroy the famous Sun temple there as a warning, and when Malharrao Holkar, a Maratha chieftain , had sought to “liberate“ Kashi, the Muslims had again threatened to defile all things holy to the Hindus, Savarkar said and castigated India’s majority community for backtracking at such moments for fear of being responsible for the razing of temples, the humiliation of Brahmins and cow slaughter.
He said if the Hindu Rashtra, as he saw it, was ever to be hemmed in (trapped) by non-Hindu forces and there was no way out of the siege to get food, cow slaughter had to be exercised as an option. The Hindus had done considerable damage to their cause, he said, by saving a few cows used as shields by the rivals, because their survival had ultimately resulted in a far greater destruction of Hindu shrines and the setting up ofabattoirs(कसाईखाना) all over the country.
And he had a “final word” of indictment for those non-Hindus who saw cow slaughter as a religious duty: he said Hindus were naïve in their worship, but they weren’t cruel. Those who cut down the animal as part of their dharma were not only naïve but brutal in their religious zealotry, he said, and added that they had no right to ridicule Hindus for their beliefs. In such slaughter Savarkar saw excessive barbarism, ingratitude and an asuric (demonic) instinct. He urged such non-Hindus to give up their “cow hate” and take up “cow care.”
Even if firmly situated within the Hindutva framework and calling openly for a Hindu Rashtra, this is a surprisingly complex and often apparently contradictory opinion on a subject highly sensitive in today’s India.But Savarkar’s view is also perhaps unique in that both the gau rakshaks and the Youth Congress’s public slaughterers of a calf in Kerala might wonder what exactly to make of him.
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- Chieftain (noun): The leader or head of a group/a tribal chief or a village head.
Synonyms: Tribal Chief, Captain, Director, Head, Leader, Master, Ruler.
Antonyms: Follower, Subservient.
Example:“He was a Tammany Hall chieftain in New York and Boston”.
- Subjugate (verb): Bring under domination or control, especially by conquest.
Synonyms: Conquer, Vanquish, Defeat, Gain Mastery Over, Gain Ascendancy Over, Gain Control Of.
Antonyms: Free, Liberate, Release.
Example: “The substitute teacher found it quite difficult to subjugate a class of thirty middle school students”.
- Sardonic (adjective): (Grimly mocking or cynical.)
Synonyms: Mocking, Satirical, Sarcastic Cynical, Derisive.
Antonyms: Amusing, Gentle, Mild.
Example: “Female readers were turned off by the newspaper editor’s sardonic column that described violence as the best way to teach a woman”.
- Expiate (verb): Make amends or reparation for (guilt or wrongdoing).
Synonyms: Atone For, Make Amends For, Make Up For, Do Penance For, Purge.
Example: “Many people believe that you can expiate yourself from sins by taking a bathe in Ganga Water.”
- Staunch (adjective): Loyal, trustworthy, reliable, outstanding.
Synonyms: Stalwart, Loyal, Faithful, Trusty, Committed, Devoted, Reliable.
Antonyms: Disloyal, Unreliable, Untrustworthy.
Example: “Since the two countries are staunch allies it is not surprising they will work together in the war to defeat their shared enemy”.
- Defile (verb): Damage the purity or appearance of
Synonyms: Spoil, Sully, Mar, Impair, Debase, Degrade, Profane, Desecrate.
Antonyms: Elevate, Purify, Purge.
Example: “Some parents don’t seem to realize that the rock star fashions that they dress their children in are a way to defile their innocence”
- Utilitarian (adjective): Designed to be useful or practical rather than attractive.
Synonyms: Practical, Functional, Serviceable, Useful, Sensible, Effective, Purposeful.
Antonyms: Decorative, Un-Useful.
Example: “Because Ann sees her car only as a utilitarian asset that transports her, she is not concerned about its appearance.”
- Loath (adjective): Unwilling to do something contrary to one’s ways of thinking
Synonyms: Reluctant, Unwilling, Disinclined, Ill-Disposed.
Antonyms: Eager, Ready, Willing.
Example: “In the past, many companies were loath to hire women professionals because they feared the women would quit when they got married”.
- Blasphemous (adjective): Sacrilegious against God or sacred things
Synonyms: Sacrilegious, Profane, Irreligious, Irreverent, Impious, Ungodly, Disrespectful.
Antonyms: Pious, Religious, Respectful, Reverent.
Example: “The minister preached for hours about the sins of blasphemy against the church”.